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Since powerful vested interests continue to stand in the way of reforms, the WBG has helped to build a reform coalition from among Ukrainian civil society, reformers within the Government, and international development partners. Planned support in FY19 includes a Program for Results operation to help accelerate private investment in the agriculture sector that will both complement and benefit from recent government efforts to strengthen the transparency of agriculture land records and help prepare the market for the end of the moratorium on agriculture land sales.

The project is expected to address such areas as improving the quality of teaching to meet emerging employment demands; strengthening systems to assess learning outcomes; decentralizing service delivery; and increasing the efficiency, equity, and transparency of educational resources. Discussion is underway on a second PBG that would be developed to support additional reforms that are needed to support growth, reduce poverty, and address fiscal vulnerabilities in — Ihor Zastavnyi , 29, is a family doctor in the small town of Krakovec in western Ukraine.

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Since the implementation of health care reforms supported by the Bank, he has experienced many positive changes. Now I have an electronic system which is very convenient. Our relations with patients improved as they are not forced to go a pre-selected doctor; they can choose the doctor they trust. Some 1, people declared their desire to be my patients, this is the maximum a family doctor can have. We will use 70—80 percent of this money to pay salaries and the rest to buy new equipment and training.

A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing

Family doctors want to improve their qualifications as they will gain more trust and will get more patients and provide better quality service. I personally am also going to learn more about examinations to be competitive in family health care. Result Briefs April 12, Email Print.

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The World Bank has collaborated closely with the Government of Ukraine and civil society to advance ambitious reforms to bolster sustainable economic recovery and strengthen public services. Beneficiaries include depositors, small farm owners, the elderly—particularly women—who receive more secure pensions and better health care, and all citizens demanding accountable public institutions.

Challenge For over 20 years, deep structural bottlenecks and governance challenges have undermined economic growth and macro-fiscal stability in Ukraine. This is what has mainly contributed to the decline in inflation rates to its lowest levels.

Civil service reform in developing countries - Wikipedia

He suggested that this was due to the cautious performance of the CBE when dealing with the waves of inflation experienced after floating the EGP in November Moreover, economic expert Hossam Al-Ghaish, said that inflation means the change in the prices of basic goods that are most consumed by citizens, such as vegetables, fruit, meat, and medicines and therefore any change occurring in these groups determines how high or low inflation is.

Al-Ghaish also said that the decline in inflation does not mean prices in the markets have fallen, but that the pace of price increase has decreased, or has become stable. Inflation from the end of to the beginning of has been very high, but during the current period of the year there is near-stability in prices, and if there are rises, they are very slight, which indicates improvement in inflation rates, he said.

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The expert suggested that the current decline in inflation is due to the fact that economic indicators are witnessing stability at the macroeconomic level. Al-Ghaish concluded that in order for citizens to feel a real decline in prices of goods on the ground, there must be two conditions achieved; the first is an increase in the production of goods and an increase in the supply markets, and the second factor is the continuous decline in foreign exchange rates and the rise of the value of the EGP.

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Economist Sherif El-Demerdash said that citizens cannot feel a decline in inflation for two important reasons. The first reason is that many people do not understand the meaning of inflation itself. Meanwhile, secondly, the inflation rate measures in the rise of prices for various commodities does not concern the majority of the population. This is the average and not the decline for all commodities.

It is possible that the goods that affect the basic needs of citizens increase more than the average rate, especially food and drink items. Therefore, what reduces the rate of inflation might be products that are not of major importance for everyday citizens, such as cars, durable goods, etc. Thus, the average citizen does not feel the low inflation rate. And just because inflation rates of goods are decreasing does not hide the fact that prices are still high.

Civil service reform in developing countries

Al-Ghaish agrees with other experts that the rate of increase is falling by 6. Meaning that goods and commodities still end up expensive for the average consumer. On the other hand, economist Wael El-Nahas says that government studies depend on certain commodities in calculating the inflation rate. The decline in meat and poultry prices in the previous period is the biggest reason for the decline in inflation this month.

Meanwhile, commodities such as fruits and vegetables are experiencing a steady gain in market prices, he explained.